Matter is everything around us that takes up space. It’s the stuff that makes up the things we see, touch, and feel. There are three main types of matter: solids, liquids, and gases.
- Solids are things that have a fixed shape and size.
- Imagine your toys, books, or the floor you walk on. These are solids.
- Liquids take the shape of their container.
- Think of water in a glass. It doesn’t have its own shape, but it takes the shape of the glass.
- Gases are things we can’t see, like the air around us.
- Even though you can’t see it, the air is made up of tiny particles that move around.
Atoms and Molecules:
- All matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms.
- When atoms join together, they make molecules. These molecules stick together to form different types of matter.
Changes in Matter:
- Matter can also change from one form to another. For example, water can change from a solid (ice) to a liquid (water) and then to a gas (steam).
- Your favorite toys, your pet, the air you breathe, the water you drink—all of these are different forms of matter!
- Matter is everything around us, and it comes in different forms: solids, liquids, and gases.
- It’s made up of tiny particles called atoms, and these atoms join together to form molecules.
- Matter can change from one form to another.
You can also perform simple and safe experiments, like showing how ice melts into water, to make the concept more hands-on and memorable.