Matter is everything around us that takes up space. It’s the stuff that makes up the things we see, touch, and feel. There are three main types of matter: solids, liquids, and gases.

1. Solids:

  • Solids are things that have a fixed shape and size.
  • Imagine your toys, books, or the floor you walk on. These are solids.

2. Liquids:

  • Liquids take the shape of their container.
  • Think of water in a glass. It doesn’t have its own shape, but it takes the shape of the glass.

3. Gases:

  • Gases are things we can’t see, like the air around us.
  • Even though you can’t see it, the air is made up of tiny particles that move around.

Atoms and Molecules:

  • All matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms.
  • When atoms join together, they make molecules. These molecules stick together to form different types of matter.

Changes in Matter:

  • Matter can also change from one form to another. For example, water can change from a solid (ice) to a liquid (water) and then to a gas (steam).


  • Your favorite toys, your pet, the air you breathe, the water you drink—all of these are different forms of matter!


  • Matter is everything around us, and it comes in different forms: solids, liquids, and gases.
  • It’s made up of tiny particles called atoms, and these atoms join together to form molecules.
  • Matter can change from one form to another.

You can also perform simple and safe experiments, like showing how ice melts into water, to make the concept more hands-on and memorable.

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