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Mass and weight are related concepts, but they have distinct meanings in the field of physics.

Mass:

• Definition: Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is a measure of the object’s inertia, which is its resistance to changes in motion.
• Units: Mass is typically measured in units like grams or kilograms.
• Consistency: An object’s mass remains the same regardless of its location. Whether you’re on Earth, the Moon, or in outer space, the mass of an object remains constant.

Weight:

• Definition: Weight is the force exerted on an object due to gravity. It depends on both the mass of the object and the gravitational pull acting on it.
• Units: Weight is measured in units of force, such as Newtons or pounds.
• Variability: An object’s weight can vary depending on its location. For example, an object will weigh less on the Moon than on Earth because the Moon has less gravitational pull.

In summary, mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object and is constant everywhere, while weight is the force exerted on an object due to gravity and can vary depending on the strength of gravity in a particular location. The key distinction is that mass is an intrinsic property of an object, whereas weight depends on the object’s mass and the gravitational force acting on it.